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The European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations is an independent umbrella association of library, information, documentation and archive associations and institutions in Europe.

Goal 15: 4. Main Eurostat Indicators

Key trends in “Life on Land” in Europe show the following evidence (Eurostat Report, pp. 291 and ss):

  • Nitrate and phosphate pollution in European rivers has decreased since 2000;
  • Europe’s share of forest area has continued to improve gradually;
  • The area of sealed soil has increased in the EU, but the rate of change is slowing;
  • Settlement area per capita has increased since 2009, spurred by the exploitation of natural areas for more housing and recreational sites;
  • Estimates for soil erosion by water indicate a potential decline in the area at risk of soil erosion in the EU;
  • The organic carbon content of topsoil has been declining in croplands in most EU Member States, but the picture is rather mixed for grassland;
  • Despite being protected, many terrestrial habitats and species have not reached ‘favourable conservation status’ under the Habitats Directive;
  • Common bird species and grassland butterfly species continue to decline in Europe.

 

Goal 15’s attainment is monitored through the following main indicators: Source: EU SDG Indicator set 2019, p. 28:

 Goal 15’s attainment is monitored through the following main indicators

 

 


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