Sustainable Development Goal 14.
1. EU Programmes likely to be relevant for libraries
EU Cohesion Policy - Environment and resource efficiency
The EU Structural and Investment Funds help to protect and preserve natural assets such as water, nature and biodiversity, clean air or raw materials. It includes investing in the needed infrastructures for wastewater treatment and waste management (such as recycling), but also measures to monitor the state of the environment or developing green infrastructure. In doing so the environment represents a source of economic growth and new job opportunities.
Regarding water management, the largest share of the available budget goes to wastewater treatment infrastructure in Member States that still need to fulfil basic needs in this area. Further investments contributes to the availability and security of drinking water services, and to water management and conservation including water reuse.
European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF)
2. Library Policicies
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3. Main Indicators
Key trends in “Life below water” in Europe show the following evidence (Eurostat Report, pp. 273 and ss):
- Excellent bathing water quality is increasingly being achieved in European coastal waters;
- Pollution continues to threaten the marine environment;
- Ocean acidification poses a risk to the marine environment and global climate regulation;
- The extent of marine protected areas has been growing in the EU;
- The conservation status of marine habitats and species remains unfavourable;
- Fisheries in the North-East Atlantic and adjacent seas (FAO 27 area) have become more sustainable ;
- Fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Seas face greater threats to sustainability and have had an insufficient number of assessments.
Goal 14’s attainment is monitored through the following main indicators: Source: EU SDG Indicator set 2019, p. 26:
4. Library Indicators
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Library Indicators enabling the evaluation of library performances and how they can match SDG indicators.
"Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources"
EU Member States share four main marine regions: the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the North-East Atlantic Ocean. While the specific threats may vary between sea basins, it is clear that habitat alteration, over-exploitation of marine resources and pollution are among the most important general pressures affecting the environmental status of EU marine waters. At the same time, the livelihood and well-being of Europeans are heavily dependent on the productivity and health of marine ecosystems. To combat biodiversity loss and ensure sustainable ecosystems, the EU has implemented measures to protect, conserve and restore marine areas.
The Common Fisheries Policy sets the rules on management of the European fishing fleets and conservation of fishing stocks, thus minimising negative impacts and preventing the degradation of the marine environment. Legal impetus for the protection and clean-up of the coasts is addressed through the EU coastal and marine policy. The 7th Environment Action Programme covers, among other, marine waters in order to achieve or maintain good environmental status.
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