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The European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations is an independent umbrella association of library, information, documentation and archive associations and institutions in Europe.

Goal 11: 3. Main Indicators

Key trend in “Sustainable cities and communities” show the following evidence (Eurostat Report, pp 215 and ss):

  • Quality of housing in the EU has improved over the past five years;
  • Europeans perceive their residential areas as quieter and safer, but exposure to air pollution remains an issue;
  • Despite recent improvements, exposure of the urban population to fine particular matter remains high;
  • The degree of urbanisation only has a marginal influence on overcrowding, but strongly affects perception of noise pollution, crime and vandalism;
  • Poor people tend to face more challenges in their living situation, especially in cities;
  • Cars are the main means of transport in the EU;
  • Despite good progress since 2001, stagnation in reducing the level of road fatalities in recent years has pushed the EU off track to meeting its 2020 target;
  • More environmentally friendly modes of municipal waste management in the EU;
  • Connection rates to wastewater treatment are increasing;
  • Settlement area per capita has increased.

 

Goal 11’s attainment is monitored through the following main indicators: Source: EU SDG Indicator set 2019, p. 21-22:

Goal 11’s attainment is monitored through the following main indicators

 

 


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