Sustainable Development Goal 2.
1. EU Programmes likely to be relevant for libraries
Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF)
Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF) is a Commission training initiative covering food and feed law, animal health and welfare and plant health rules.
The main objectives of the initiative "Better Training for Safer Food" are the organisation and development of an EU training strategy with a view to:
- Ensuring and maintaining a high level of consumer protection and of animal health, animal welfare and plant health;
- To improve and harmonise official controls in EU countries and create the conditions for a level playing field for food businesses contributing to EU priority on jobs and growth;
- To ensure safety of food imports from non-EU countries on the EU market, and ultimately to reducing risks for EU consumers and providing EU businesses with easier access to safe goods from non-EU countries;
- To ensure a harmonisation of control procedures between EU and non-EU partners in order to guarantee a parallel competitive position of EU businesses with their non-EU counterparts;
- To build confidence in the EU regulatory model with competent authorities of other international trade partners and pave the way for new food market opportunities and increased competitiveness for EU operators;
- Ensuring fair trade with non-EU countries and in particular developing countries.
Strategy on nutrition, overweight and obesity-related health issues
In May 2007, The Commission established a coherent and comprehensive Community Strategy to address the issues of overweight and obesity, by adopting the White Paper A Strategy on Nutrition, Overweight, and Obesity-related health issues focussing on action that can be taken at local, regional, national and European levels to reduce the risks associated with poor nutrition and limited physical exercise, while addressing the issue of inequalities across member states. In particular, the strategy:
- Encompasses a range of Commission policies that can be, and are being marshalled towards the purpose of improving nutrition and preventing overweight and obesity;
- Encourages more action-oriented partnershipsacross the EU, involving key stakeholders working in the field of nutrition: the private sector, Member States, the European Commission and the WHO;
- Sets out a series of challenges to relevant stakeholdersat all levels, notably the food industry, civil society and the media, by calling for widespread food reformulation schemes and responsible advertising;
- Sets out the Commission's plans to strengthen monitoring and reportingof the situation, in collaboration with the WHO, through initiatives such as the Nutrition Policy Database or the International inventory of documents on physical activity promotion.
Actions outlined in the strategy are based on sound scientific evidence showing relations between certain dietary and physical activity patterns and risk factors for certain chronic diseases. However, the strategy also outlines the need for further research in this area, and moreover underlines the central role of the Commission in facilitating partnerships and taking the lead in establishing a common framework for action.
Organic farming is an agricultural method that aims to produce food using natural substances and processes. This means that organic farming tends to have a limited environmental impact as it encourages: a) the responsible use of energy and natural resources; b) the maintenance of biodiversity; c) preservation of regional ecological balances; d) enhancement of soil fertility; e) maintenance of water quality.
Sustainable agriculture and rural development - improving the access to land and natural resources
Fighting rural poverty in developing countries also requires ensuring the sustainable management of natural resources and reducing inequalities in the ownership of and access to productive assets (capital, rural infrastructure and land). Particular emphasis in this context lies on land tenure systems that provide sufficient security and flexibility.
The agricultural sector employs billions of people worldwide. It is a major user of the planet’s fresh water and of mineral resources including oil-based products. It transforms soils, landscapes, forests and biodiversity and is influencing climate change.
LIFE Climate Action
LIFE Climate Action supports projects in the development of innovative ways to respond to the challenges of climate change in Europe.
The Climate Action sub-programme will provide €864 million in co-financing for climate projects between 2014 and 2020. Its main objectives are to: a) Contribute to the shift towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy; b) Improve the development, implementation and enforcement of EU climate change policy and legislation; c) Support better environmental and climate change governance at all levels; d) Support the implementation of the 7th Environment Action Programme
LIFE Climate Action supports public authorities, non-governmental organisations and private actors, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, in implementing low-carbon and adaptation technologies and new methods and approaches.
The programme focuses on three priority areas:
Climate change mitigation
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Climate change adaptation
Increasing resilience to climate change
Climate change governance and information
Increasing awareness, communication, cooperation and dissemination on climate change mitigation
There are two programming periods: 2014-2017 and 2018-2020.
For the next long-term EU budget 2021-2027, the Commission proposes to further strengthen the Union’s social dimension with a new and improved European Social Fund, the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) and a more effective European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF). The ESF+ Regulation will integrate the current ESF, YEI, FEAD, EaSI and the EU Health programme, with ESF being complementary to other funds (such as the EGF, Erasmus, AMIF, ERDF, RSP, InvestEU).
For a more detailed description, link to SDG 1. Summaries of the current operational programmes are found in the following link:
2. Library Policicies
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3. Main Indicators
(The corresponding Main indicators normally used at EU level to evaluate activities)
Key trends in “Zero Hunger” in the European Union show the following evidence (Eurostat Report, pp. 55 and ss):
- Obesity levels have fallen in the EU since 2014, but disparities between age and educational groups remain;
- Labour productivity in European agriculture has increased, but investment in the future of farming lags behind;
- Organic farming is on the rise across Europe, but nutrient use could be more efficient;
- Excessive nutrient inputs are threatening the environment and water quality;
- Soil erosion: a major threat, but there are signs of improvement across Europe;
- High agricultural productivity can harm biodiversity.
4. Library Indicators
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Library Indicators enabling the evaluation of library performances and how they can match SDG indicators.
"End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture"
Achieving healthy diets and ensuring agricultural systems remain productive and sustainable in the future are the key challenges associated with SDG 2 in the EU. Unlike many areas of the world, which face hunger, the EU’s central nutritional issue is obesity. This condition can harm health and well-being and have adverse impacts on health and social systems, governmental budgets and the productivity and growth of the economy. Furthermore, sustainable and productive agricultural systems are essential for ensuring a reliable supply of nutritious food now and in the future, especially in the face of challenges such as climate change and a rising population.
The Common Agricultural Policy and the Common Fisheries Policy help farmers and fishermen to meet the food demand of more than 500 million Europeans and provide stable, sustainably produced and high quality food at affordable prices. Sustainable and resilient food production systems are a key factor in achieving this SDG. Implementing sustainable agricultural practices can help ensure future food security in a scenario of increasing demand and a changing climate.
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